Signs, Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment :
- Periodontal (Gum) disease is an infection of the tissues supporting and surrounding the teeth. It is mainly caused by the accumulation of bacteria from the dental plaque that inflames and damages the gums.
- This chronic infection attacks below the gum line where it breaks down the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues.
- Several factors increase the risk of developing gum diseases, the most common of which include tobacco smoking and chewing, systemic illnesses like diabetes or cancer, hormonal changes during pregnancy and menstruation, medications such as contraceptives and anticonvulsants, ill-fitting bridges and fillings that have become defective.
- Regular dental check-ups and examinations are important because it is possible to have gum infections without the usual signs and symptoms. They may advance painlessly, exhibiting few evident signs even in the late phase of the disease. This explains the increased risk of losing one’s teeth.
- Various indicators may point to some form of gum disease. Symptoms may include red, swollen and tender gums, pus and pockets between gums and teeth, receding gums, gums that bleed during or after brushing, flossing or eating hard food, loose, shifting or separating teeth, bad breath and persistent bad metallic taste in mouth, mouth sores, changes in the fit of dentures and the way the teeth fit during bites.
- Periodontal diseases are classified according to the severity of the infection and are traditionally divided into two stages: Gingivitis and Periodontitis
F.A.Q'S ON GUM DISEASES
What is This Sticky Film on My Gums?
There is a thin layer of germs called “biofilm” that can stick to any surface, including on the gums of your mouth. This is why your gums and teeth feel like they’ve been covered in slime when you wake up in the morning. Biofilm, typically pale yellow in colour, is normal and happens to everyone—even if you brush, floss and rinse with a mouthwash. However, if you don’t remove the biofilm on a daily basis, it can collect and develop into dental plaque.
Dental plaque, which can lead to gum problems, is made up of some bad germs (the kind that thrives on the sugar left behind on gums and teeth, and turns into tooth-decaying acid) and some good germs (the kind that makes normal biofilm less attractive to acid-hungry germs).
A person who has a solid dental care routine and who brushes, flosses, and swishes daily, can control and minimise the size of the biofilm. Good oral hygiene can potentially make the dental biofilm healthier by increasing the amount of good germs it contains. But when you clean and rinse your gums and teeth less frequently, the biofilm can harden into tartar and get thicker. When this happens, only dentists and their professional tools can remove the build-up. Since prevention is always better than cure, stick to your rinsing routine to keep your biofilm healthy.
Gum problems, Gum Problems and Periodontitis: What’s The Link?
Researching gum problems online may get confusing, with multiple medical terms being used to refer to the same thing. Here’s how the terms are linked:
Gum Problems: Gum problem is a general term used to describe the germ infection in your mouth.
Periodontitis: Periodontitis is a serious, non-reversible stage of gum problems. It attacks gums, bone and the connective tissue that holds teeth in place. This eventually loosens the teeth over time, to the point that they could fall out.
It is best to address gum issues early by adopting a foolproof rinse routine.
Do All Mouthwashes Treat Gum Problems?
Always check the ingredients on your mouthwash bottle and look for germ-fighting ingredients that combat gum problems, like Mouthwash. Mouthwash has eucalyptol, menthol, methyl salicylate and thymol — four essential oils that are clinically proven to fights the germs that cause gum problems. Using mouthwash regularly fights germs that can cling to your gums and form plaque. When plaque is not attacked, it can harden into tartar. Some mouthwashes also contain fluoride, which protects teeth from decay.
A good mouthwash is essential to mai
What Are The Rinsing Rules?
Rinse with mouthwash twice daily, as directed. The combination of ingredients in Antiseptic Mouthwash is extremely effective in fighting germs above the gum line and in reducing sticky plaque film, which causes bad breath. It also prevents and/or cures early gum problems. Use mouthwash twice daily for 24-hour protection from germs. However, make sure to follow the directions and do not overdose.
Why Are My Gums Bleeding?
As we age, it is increasingly common to see a drop or two of blood in the sink after brushing or flossing. It is so commonplace that many of us convince ourselves that it is not a big deal. But bleeding gums—even during a dentist cleaning—are not normal and not healthy.
They are a sign—possibly along with other often-missed red alerts like puffy, red, irritated gums—of early gum problems. Millions of adults have some form of gum problems, yet only a very small fraction realize it because gum pain is not an early symptom.
The good news is that early-stage gum problems are reversible, through improved daily mouth care and more frequent visits to the dentist for plaque and tartar removal with professional tools. But if ignored, blood in the sink can progress to a more serious version of gum problems, Periodontitis. This disease attacks gums, erodes the jawbone and is the number one reason that teeth fall out. If you have spotted blood droplets, don’t wait another day to start improving your brush, floss and rinse routine. Good oral hygiene leads to good teeth and gum health.
Why Are My Gums Receding?
Receding gums are one of the most telltale signs of mid-stage gum problems. And you definitely do not want to ignore it. When you notice your gum and bone pulling away from your teeth, and more of the lower part of your teeth becomes visible, your gums are receding. This is also referred to as “Shrinking Gums”.
When this happens, the roots of your teeth become exposed to harmful germs and your mouth becomes susceptible to a whole host of health issues. It may also be accompanied by red, inflamed gums that bleed when brushed. Left untreated, gum recession can have serious, irreversible consequences, as follows:
• Loss of dentin (hard, dense, bony tissue forming the bulk of a tooth beneath the enamel and keeping your teeth firmly in place),
• Exposed roots can become tender, sore or infected.